Secondat Montesquieu : all you need to know about the constitution reformer

Charles Louis de Secondat was born in Bordeaux, France, in 1689 to a wealthy family. Despite his family’s wealth, de Decondat was placed in the care of a poor family during his childhood. He later went to college and studied science and history, eventually becoming a lawyer in the local government. Charles’s father died in 1713 and he was taken care by his uncle Baron De Montesquieu, the president of the Bordeaux parliament. When the Baron died, he left Secondat his fortune, the office of the president and his title Baron De Montesquieu

Later, he was the member of Bordeaux and French academics of science. He studied the laws, customs and government of the countries of Europe. 

Secodant became famous by his famous Persian letters in 1721 which criticised the lifestyle and liberties of wealthy people and even the Church. The greatest work of writing by Montesquieu was on the spirit of laws (1748) which outlined his idea that how a government should work.

Montesquieu’s idea of the best government was the ‘seperation of powers’ in which three branches of government has equal but different powers. He wrote “when the law making and law enforcement power lies in the same person, there can be no Liberty.” According to him, each branch of the government should be inter-controllable so that no branch could threaten the Liberty of the people. This idea of constitution by Montesquieu, later, went on to become the basis of the constitution of United States of America

“Government should be set up so that no man fears another” 

The civil war : A defining moment for the USA

The period between 1861-1865 saw the largest and most destructive conflict in the Western world between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the onset of World War I in 1914 – The American civil war. This war, that was triggered at fort Sumter on 12 April, 1861, cost more than 625,000 lives (nearly as many American soldier died in other wars combined). 


The war was based on, as many of the wars were, uncompromising differences between the slave and the free. When Abraham Lincoln took charge for the president of the USA, he seceded(the historic term for withdrawal) seven slave states in the deep south and asked them to form a new country (Confederates States of America) apart from USA to keep slavery away from the other territories. However, most of the northern people refused to this secession as they thought it could effect the country and break United States into several small, squabbling territories and even more, ‘discredit’ democracy’


The war was triggered when Lincoln tried to suppress the ‘insurrection’ (violent uprise against an authority) that happened in fort Sumter and seceded four more states in the confederacy. The war’s fire burnt so drastically that by the end of 1861, nearly a million armed men confronted each other along a line stretching 1200 miles from Virginia to Missouri

Statue of Liberty : All you need to know about the “Liberty enlightening the world”

The statue of Liberty or La Liberté éclairant le monde as as they say in France, is a neoclassical sculpture on Liberty island on New York Harbor, New York city, USA. It was a gift from the people of France to the people of United States during the American revolution on October 28, 1886. The idea of sculpture was monumented by Email De Laboulaye and sculpted by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi


The Statue of Liberty is a figure of a robed woman representing Libertas, a Roman goddess. She holds a torch above her head(depicted as showing us the path to Liberty), and in her left arm carries a tabula ansata(Latin word for tablet with handles) inscribed in Roman numerals with “JULY IV MDCCLXXVI” (July 4, 1776), the date of the U.S. declaration of independence. A broken chain lies at her feet. 

The statue became an icon of freedom and of the United States, and was a welcoming sight to immigrants arriving from abroad.

The seven spikes of the crown represent the seven continents and oceans of the world and indicate the universal liberty

The Prem trio for Barca if Neymar goes to PSG

The writing, it seems, is on the wall for Neymar, and Barcelona are preparing to react, according to the Mirror.

Philippe Coutinho is a well-documented target, having already seen an offer knocked back by Liverpool. 

Chelsea’sEden Hazard, sidelined until September, would be another ambitious target

The Catalan club has identified a third valued commodity in Tottenham’s Dele Alli.

Armed with more than €200m, assuming Neymar’s buyout clause is triggered, and with the window winding down, Barca will likely need to spend most of their windfall to prize any of the three Premier League stars from their clubs

The biggest question for Real Madrid ? THE FORWARDS

There is only one man (I should say boy) in the discussion here. Yep, you guessed it right. It’s Kylian Mbappé

The very young French lad, who’s been hot since his glorious performance in the UEFA champions league last season is the name on everyone’s lips at the moment and nothing would please Pérez more than to land the latest brightest young star in the footballing galaxy. Benzema is the certain number one at the moment — it says something that his former back-ups, Gonzalo Higuaín and Álvaro Morata, are now two of the most expensive strikers of all time.

Morata’s departure certainly leaves a hole but Ronaldo and Bale can both operate in more traditional striking roles, if required. However, Mbappé’s elite goalscoring instincts and creativity would add a whole other dimension to the Madrid attack. Over to you, Florentino.

Business remaining:
The excellent business conducted on Morata means that Madrid now definitely have the funds to sign Mbappé and stay within the bounds of Financial Fair Play. The Galacticos are reportedly agreed a fee of €145 million for the Monaco’s golden boy. Let’s wait and see where he’ll land after the opening of the transfer window

They will do everything they can to tempt the young Frenchman to the Bernabéu but in the event that they are unsuccessful, Madrid will still probably have to sign another striker to cover for Benzema

Citylights 


This evening, as I travel

Halfway across the city
With the gentle drops of rain
Kissing the window
Reflecting the numerous lights
Of the buzzing town

Lights that stand atop silver poles 
Lights that guide speeding vehicles 
Lights of skyscrapers and of humble huts
I gaze up at the embracing sky 
With just a handful of stars 
Smiling mockingly at the land below 

Undiminishing and overpowering 
I can’t look away as they whisper 
And I realise 
They are the truth 
And all that I  see before me;
The enticing shine
Are mere, blatant lies
Before the glow of the universe 
Before the stardust that makes us, us

Transfer news for today !!

People always complain about Monday but Tuesday is arguably the worst day of the week. The weekend is a bit closer, yet still so far away. Ah well, at least we’ve got some tasty morsels of transfer gossip to see us through.

Neymar is warming to the idea of leaving Barcelona and has asked his father to arrange a move to Paris Saint-Germain, according to a sensation report in Spanish publication ASManchester United are also a possible next port of call for the Brazilian.

However, Barça are said to be “relaxed” about the speculation and sporting director Robert Fernandez finds it hard to believe any club would pay Neymar‘s €222million release clause.

Manchester United have agreed a £44 million deal for Inter Milan winger Ivan Perišić, according to the Daily Mail. The Croatian will apparently pull out of Inter’s pre-season tour of China on Tuesday ahead of a move to Old Trafford.

Zlatan Ibrahimović looks like he’s going to be staying at United after enrolling his two sons in the Red Devils’ academy. The 35-year-old Swede is currently out of contract but is likely to be offered a new deal once he recovers from his anterior cruciate ligament injury in around six months time.

And United are considering a final take-it-or-leave-it offer of £60 million for Tottenham Hotspur defender Eric Dier, if you believe The Mirror.

Monaco have told Arsenal they want a whopping £80 million for winger Thomas Lemar, say the Daily Mirror.

However, the Gunners haven’t yet given up hope on signing Kylian Mbappé despite Monaco boss Leonardo Jardim’s belief that the 18-year-old won’t be leaving Stade Louis II this summer. Real Madrid are also thought to be weighing up the pros and cons of a £120 million transfer.

(Source: One football )