Secondat Montesquieu : all you need to know about the constitution reformer

Charles Louis de Secondat was born in Bordeaux, France, in 1689 to a wealthy family. Despite his family’s wealth, de Decondat was placed in the care of a poor family during his childhood. He later went to college and studied science and history, eventually becoming a lawyer in the local government. Charles’s father died in 1713 and he was taken care by his uncle Baron De Montesquieu, the president of the Bordeaux parliament. When the Baron died, he left Secondat his fortune, the office of the president and his title Baron De Montesquieu

Later, he was the member of Bordeaux and French academics of science. He studied the laws, customs and government of the countries of Europe. 

Secodant became famous by his famous Persian letters in 1721 which criticised the lifestyle and liberties of wealthy people and even the Church. The greatest work of writing by Montesquieu was on the spirit of laws (1748) which outlined his idea that how a government should work.

Montesquieu’s idea of the best government was the ‘seperation of powers’ in which three branches of government has equal but different powers. He wrote “when the law making and law enforcement power lies in the same person, there can be no Liberty.” According to him, each branch of the government should be inter-controllable so that no branch could threaten the Liberty of the people. This idea of constitution by Montesquieu, later, went on to become the basis of the constitution of United States of America

“Government should be set up so that no man fears another” 


The civil war : A defining moment for the USA

The period between 1861-1865 saw the largest and most destructive conflict in the Western world between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the onset of World War I in 1914 – The American civil war. This war, that was triggered at fort Sumter on 12 April, 1861, cost more than 625,000 lives (nearly as many American soldier died in other wars combined). 

The war was based on, as many of the wars were, uncompromising differences between the slave and the free. When Abraham Lincoln took charge for the president of the USA, he seceded(the historic term for withdrawal) seven slave states in the deep south and asked them to form a new country (Confederates States of America) apart from USA to keep slavery away from the other territories. However, most of the northern people refused to this secession as they thought it could effect the country and break United States into several small, squabbling territories and even more, ‘discredit’ democracy’

The war was triggered when Lincoln tried to suppress the ‘insurrection’ (violent uprise against an authority) that happened in fort Sumter and seceded four more states in the confederacy. The war’s fire burnt so drastically that by the end of 1861, nearly a million armed men confronted each other along a line stretching 1200 miles from Virginia to Missouri


In October 1981, Maurice Fleuret became Director of Music and Dance at minister of cultural Jack Lang’s request, and applied his reflections to the musical practice and its evolution: “the music everywhere and the concert nowhere”. When he discovered, in a 1982 study on the cultural habits of the French, that five million people, one child out of two, played a musical instrument, he began to dream of a way to bring people out on the streets. It first took place in 1982 in Paris as the Fête de la Musique.

Ever since, the festival has become an international phenomenon, celebrated on the same day in more than 700 cities in 120 countries, including China, India, Germany, Italy, Greece, Russia, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Canada, the United States, and Japan.

Fête de la Musique’s purpose is to promote music in two ways:

  • Amateur and professional musicians are encouraged to perform in the streets, under the slogan “Faites de la musique” (“make music”, a homophone of Fête de la Musique).
  • Many free concerts are organized, making all genres of music accessible to the public. Two of the caveats to being sanctioned by the official Fête de la Musique organization in Paris are that all concerts must be free to the public, and all performers donate their time for free. This is true of most participating cities, now, as well.

Despite there being a large tolerance about the performance of music by the general public of amateurs in public areas after usual hours, the noise restrictions still apply, and can cause some establishments to be forbidden to open and broadcast music out of their doors without prior authorization. So the prefectures of police in France can still forbid them to install any audio hardware in the street

Aurora: Conqueror (A song to feel)

Broken mornings, broken nights and broken days in between

Open ground, the sky is open, makes an open sea
Just like in fiction, in every addiction
Oh fantasy’s taking over, awake me

I’ve been looking for the conqueror
But you don’t seem to come my way
I’ve been looking for the only one

But you don’t seem to come my way

Broken me and broken them
You are broken too
Open ears, their eyes are open
Makes me call for you
But there’s no seduction only destruction
Oh fantasy take me over and break me

The best there is: rap by Abhinnshyam

Fast? Son, that ain’t fast—

I’m rising faster than the price of gas

I’m the best in the present,future and the past

If ya don’t like me you can kiss the people’s @ss 

My mama said that we’ve a fault in our generation

But they don’t know that we’re boys of domination

Lucknow wites in the building 

We will blow off the roof 

We All are the best there’s no reason to prove 

Am the fire

Am the colt

It’s the right of mine to quote

The people think it’s just a rap

And there’s no meaning at all

But they don’t know the reality

That the world is gonna fall

With break out brawls

Breaking of the walls

Recession employment crisis

All the people now believe

That this boy do a close call

Mother****** ! It’s a rap

Not just a poem by an app

Aah! Mother****** it’s a rap

Am the best from the rest 

You don’t have to take a test 

Nicolaus Copernicus: the father of astronomy

To know that we know what we know, and to know that we do not know what we do not know, that is true knowledge.”

Born on 19 February, 1473 in the city of Thorn in the province of royal Prussia- the kingdom of Poland. Despite being from a wealthy merchant’s family with a politically active father (Nicolaus Copernicus​ sr.) who was active in supporting Poland against the Teutonic order. After the death of his father, Copernicus’ studies were looked after. By his maternal uncle. He became very prolific in some languages for example spoken Latin, German, etc.

In 1496, Copernicus left to the University of Bologne Italy, where he studied Canon Law with a view to a career in the church. After completing his studies, he temporarily succeeded to the Warmia Canonry. However, he was never fully ordained as a priest and turned away from Canon law – preferring the humanities which were of greater interest to him.

Copernicus created a model of the universe which placed the sun at the centre of the universe (heliocentrism) – challenging the prevailing orthodoxy of the time – which believed the earth at the centre of the universe.

His major work De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543) (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) was published just before his death and marked an important scientific landmark – it was a key moment in the scientific 

Copernicus created a model of the universe which placed the sun at the centre of the universe (heliocentrism) – challenging the prevailing orthodoxy of the time – which believed the earth at the centre of the universe.

His major work De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543) (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres) was published just before his death and marked an important scientific landmark – it was a key moment in the scientific revolution of the Renaissance period.

With being a pioneer astronomer, Nicolaus was an expert in many aspects as he was practising physician, economist, diplomat, scholar and gained an awful lot of doctorate in canon law

Why is Sunday is a rest day

The fourth commandment teaches us to set aside one day out of seven to rest from our work and to worship God:

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. (Exod.​20:8-11)