The period between 1861-1865 saw the largest and most destructive conflict in the Western world between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the onset of World War I in 1914 – The American civil war. This war, that was triggered at fort Sumter on 12 April, 1861, cost more than 625,000 lives (nearly as many American soldier died in other wars combined).
The war was based on, as many of the wars were, uncompromising differences between the slave and the free. When Abraham Lincoln took charge for the president of the USA, he seceded(the historic term for withdrawal) seven slave states in the deep south and asked them to form a new country (Confederates States of America) apart from USA to keep slavery away from the other territories. However, most of the northern people refused to this secession as they thought it could effect the country and break United States into several small, squabbling territories and even more, ‘discredit’ democracy’
The war was triggered when Lincoln tried to suppress the ‘insurrection’ (violent uprise against an authority) that happened in fort Sumter and seceded four more states in the confederacy. The war’s fire burnt so drastically that by the end of 1861, nearly a million armed men confronted each other along a line stretching 1200 miles from Virginia to Missouri